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Pronunciations Of Foreign Words Used In The English Language

Pronunciation Of Foreign Words in English

Countless foreign words have been in use in English for a long time. The words mostly from French, Latin, Italian, Greek, Spanish, Chinese and German are used by English speakers the world over along with speakers of English as a second language.

English is a lingua franca that has assimilated words from various languages throughout history. As a result, numerous foreign words are integrated into English, each with its distinct pronunciation. While certain foreign words have been incorporated into English and pronounced according to English phonetics, others still retain their initial pronunciations. This poses a challenge for English speakers to know how to articulate these words accurately.

One of the most prevalent challenges of pronouncing foreign words in English is dealing with the disparities in phonetics between languages. In some languages, certain consonants are pronounced differently than in English, and the same applies to vowels where sounds like “ü” or “ö” are absent in English.

Another hurdle is that the same word can be pronounced differently in different languages, even if spelt identically. For instance, the word “cafe” is articulated as “KAH-fey” in French, but in English, it’s pronounced “KAH-fee.”

When it comes to pronouncing foreign words in English, several strategies can help to get it right. One of them is looking up the word in a dictionary that incorporates pronunciation guides. Nowadays, many online dictionaries have audio recordings that can be especially beneficial.

Another approach is to pay attention to the language of origin. Some languages, such as Spanish and Italian, have very consistent pronunciation rules, so if you know the rules, you can often guess the correct pronunciation of a word. For instance, in Spanish, the letter “c” is always pronounced like an “s” when it precedes an “e” or an “i.”

However, very often the words are used in formal or academic settings; in law, politics, psychology, philosophy and so. Because of their foreign origin, many of the words are missed pronounced by speakers, thanks to their appearance in English letters.

Speakers at the seminar mispronounce, teachers in the classroom mispronounce, and politicians at the stage mispronounce them, thanks to a lack of awareness about their pronunciation and unintentional stance to look up dictionaries.

My intention is to make people familiar with foreign words and their proper pronunciations using some of the most trusted dictionaries in the world, such as Oxford Dictionary, Longman’s Dictionary of Contemporary English, Cambridge Advanced Learner’s Dictionary, Collins COBUILD Dictionary and Oxford’s Lexico, I have not only got to know their pronunciations but also recorded them so that learns like me, can get to know about them.

The rationale behind using various dictionaries is that no all words are in a single dictionary while different dictionaries convey varied pronunciations of the same word. I have tried to bring all the different pronunciations together and showed the obvious differences between British and American pronunciations, not the native ones. 

I have literally recorded the pronunciations and definitions of the two hundred-plus words with the help of the mentioned dictionaries. Using phonemes or phonetic symbols for Receipt Pronunciation or RP (British) I was able to record British and American and varied pronunciations of the words which I transform them into videos for YouTube, as well.

For Bengali speakers, in order to make the pronunciation intelligible and comprehensible, I expressed each and every word in Bengali letters also. The following lost list will lead you through the foreign words being used in English. Along with expressions of the words in phonetic symbols, language and dictionary sources are also provided. For audio-visual pronunciation, you will have to click the YouTube link given as hyperlinks.

Finally, it’s imperative to exercise patience. Pronouncing foreign words correctly requires practice, and you’re bound to make mistakes along the way. Keep in mind that everyone has an accent, and that’s perfectly fine. As long as you’re striving to articulate the word correctly, you’re making progress.

To sum up, mastering the pronunciation of foreign words used in English can be intricate, but with strategies such as looking up pronunciations in dictionaries and paying attention to the language of origin, you can enhance your skills. With persistent practice, you’ll be able to articulate even the most challenging foreign words with confidence.

SL.Words and pronunciationsOriginMeaning
    1  ab initio  
UK: /ˌab ɪˈnɪʃɪəʊ/  
      Latin  From the beginning.   Click to listen  
      2a cappella  
UK: /ˌæ kæˈpelə/
UK: /ˌɑː kəˈpelə/
US: /ˌæ kəˈpelə/
US: /ˌɑː kəˈpelə/  
        Italian  Sung without any musical instruments.     Click to listen
  3  à deux   /ɑː ˈdəː/    French  For or involving two people.   Click to listen  
4  ad hoc
UK: /ˌæd ˈhɒk/  
US:  /ˌæd ˈhɑːk/
    Latin  Arranged or happening when necessary and not planned in advance.   Click to listen  
5  ad infinitum    
UK: /ˌæd ˌɪnfɪˈnaɪtəm/ US /ˌæd ˌɪnfɪˈnaɪtəm/ US /ˌæd ɪnfəˈnaɪt̬əm/  
    Latin  Without ever coming to an end; again, and again.     Click to listen
6  ad hominem  
UK /ˌæd ˈhɒmɪnem/
US /ˌæd ˈhɑːmɪnem/
Latin  Directed against a person’s character rather than their argument.   Click to listen      
7  ad interim  
UK: /ad ˈɪntərɪm/
Latin  For an intervening or temporary period of time.   Click to listen  
8  ad nauseam  
UK: /ˌæd ˈnɔːziæm/
US: /ˌæd ˈnɔːziæm/  
        Latin  If a person says or does something ad nauseam, they say or do it again and again so that it becomes boring or annoying.   Click to listen  
9  a fortiori  
UK: /ˌeɪ ˌfɔːtiˈɔːraɪ/
US: /ˌeɪ ˌfɔːrtiˈɔːraɪ/  
      Latin  For or with an even stronger reason.   For an even stronger reason than one that has already been accepted.   Click to listen    
10  agent provocateur
UK: /ˌæʒɒ̃ prəˌvɒkəˈtɜː(r)/
US: /ˌɑːʒɑː̃ proʊˌvɑːkəˈtɜːr/  
agents provocateurs
UK: Pl:/ˌæʒɒ̃ prəˌvɒkəˈtɜː(r)/
US Pl:/ˌɑːʒɑː̃proʊˌvɑːkəˈtɜːr/  
          FrenchA person who is employed by a government to encourage people in political groups to do something illegal so that they can be arrested.
11  al dente  
UK: /æl ˈdenti/
US: /æl ˈdenteɪ/  
UK /ˌæl ˈdenteɪ/
US /ˌæl ˈdenti/
    Italian    Food, especially pasta that is al dente is still pleasantly firm after it has been cooked.  
12  al fresco   UK: /æl ˈfreskəʊ/ US: /æl ˈfreskoʊ/          ItalianOutdoors  
13  amour propre   UK:  /ˌæmʊə ˈprɒprə/ US: /ˌɑːmʊr ˈprɔːprə/  French   A belief and confidence in your own ability and value.   A feeling of pride in your own character and abilities.

14annus mirabilis   UK: /ˌanəs mɪˈrɑːbɪlɪs/

Latin A remarkable or auspicious year.  
15  algae                    UK: /ˈældʒi/ UK:  /ˈælɡiː/
  US:  /ˈældʒiː/                  US: /ˈælɡiː/  
        Latin  Very simple plants, such as seaweed, that have no real leaves, stems or roots, and that grow in or near water algal.
16  a posteriori      UK: /ˌeɪ pɒsteriˈɔːraɪ /
UK: /ˌɑː pɒsteriˈɔːri/  US: /ˌɑː poʊstɪriˈɔːri/  US: / ˌeɪ pɑːstɪriˈɔːri/  
      Latin    Using facts that you know now to form a judgment about what must have happened before.
17  a priori     UK: /ˌeɪ praɪˈɔːraɪ/ UK: /ˌɑː priːˈɔːri/ US: /ˌɑː priːˈɔːraɪ/ US: /ˌeɪ priːˈɔːraɪ/

  Latin  Relating to an argument that suggests the probable effects of a known cause, or using general principles to suggest likely effects.
18  au courant

/ˌəʊ kʊˈrɒ̃/
    French Aware of what is going on; well informed.    
19  au fait   UK: /əʊ ˈfeɪ/ US:  /oʊˈfeɪ/

   System or way of doing something.  
au fond

/əʊ ˈfɒ̃/   /ˌoʊ ˈfɔnd/ US  
French In essence.  
beau geste

UK:/bəʊ ˈʒɛst/ US: /ˌboʊ ˈʒɛst/  
French     A noble and generous act.  
22  billet-doux   UK:  /ˌbɪleɪ ˈduː/              US:  /ˌbɪleɪ ˈduː/     A love-letter.
23  Blitzkrieg    UK:  /ˈblɪtskriːɡ/ US: /ˈblɪtskriːɡ/      German  A sudden military attack intended to win a quick victory. 
24  bona fide

 UK:  /ˌbəʊnə ˈfaɪdi/ US: /ˌboʊnə ˈfaɪdi/  
  Latin    Genuine, real or legal; not false.    
25  bon mot   UK:/ˌbɒn ˈməʊ/  US:/ˌbɒːn ˈmoʊ/    French    A clever remark—
26  bon vivant   UK: /ˌbɒ̃ viːˈvɒ̃/          US:  /ˌbɑːn viːˈvɑːnt/    French  A person who enjoys going out with friends and eating good food, drinking good wine, etc.
27  brasserie   UK:  /ˈbræsəri/   US:  /ˌbræsəˈriː/    French  A type of restaurant, often one in a French style that is not very expensive.
carpe diem   UK:  /ˌkɑːpeɪ ˈdiːem/  US:  /ˌkɑːrpeɪ ˈdiːem/  UK:  /ˌkɑːpeɪ ˈdaɪem/   US:  /ˌkɑːrpeɪ ˈdaɪem/  
        LatinAn expression used when you want to say that somebody should not wait but should take an opportunity as soon as it appears.  
29  cause célèbre    UK:  /ˌkɔːz seˈlebrə/ US: /ˌkɔːz seˈlebrə/  French   An issue that attracts a lot of attention and is supported by a lot of people.  
30  c’est la vie   UK:  /ˌseɪ lɑːˈviː/              US: /sɛ la vi/  French Used to express acceptance or resignation in the face of a difficult or unpleasant situation.  
31  chacun à son gout   UK: /ʃakən ɑː sɒ˜ ˈguː/  French   Each to their own taste.  
en famille
  UK:  /ɒ̃ faˈmiː/

French With one’s family, or as a family.    
33  enfant terrible   UK:  /ˌɒnfɒn teˈriːblə/  US: /ˌɑːnfɑːn teˈriːblə/   UK: /ˌɒ̃fɒ̃ tɛˈriːbl(ə)/    French   A young successful person who behaves in a way that is shocking but also amusing.
34  en masse
 UK:  /ˌɒ̃ ˈmæs/  US: /ˌɑː̃ ˈmæs/  
French  Altogether, and usually in large numbers.  
35      en passant   UK: /ˌɒ̃ ˈpæsɒ̃/        US: /ˌɑːn pɑːˈsɑːn/

    French  While talking about something else and without giving much information    
36  Alma Mater   UK:   /ˌælmə ˈmɑːtə(r)/ UK:   /ˌælmə ˈmeɪtə(r)/        US:  /ˌælmə ˈmɑːtər/        US:  /ˌælmə ˈmeɪtər/  LatinThe school, college or university that somebody went to.    
37  alter ego   UK: /ˌæltər ˈiːɡəʊ/  US:  /ˌæltər ˈiːɡoʊ/   US: / ˌɒːltər ˈiːɡoʊ /   Oxford: UK:   /ˌæltər ˈiːɡəʊ/ UK:   /ˌɔːltər ˈiːɡəʊ/            US:  /ˌæltər ˈiːɡoʊ/ US:  /ˌɔːltər ˈiːɡoʊ/              Latin  1. A person whose personality is different from your own but who shows or acts as another side of your personality.     2. A close friend who is very like yourself.
38  ballet   UK: /ˈbæleɪ/ US: /bæˈleɪ/ US: /ˈbæleɪ/        French  A performance in which dancing, and music tell a story without any speaking:        
39  bête noire   UK:  /ˌbet ˈnwɑː(r)/ US:  /ˌbet ˈnwɑːr/   Plural: UK:  /ˌbet ˈnwɑː(r)/ US: /ˌbet ˈnwɑːrz/        French    A person or thing that particularly annoys you and that you do not like.
40  bon appétit   Longman:   UK: /ˌbɒn æpəˈtiː/ US:  /ˌboʊn æpeɪ/   Cambridge:   UK: /ˌbɒn æpəˈti/   US: /ˌbɑːn æp əˈtit/

French  Said to someone before they start eating a meal, to tell them you hope they enjoy their food.    
41  bossa nova   UK: /ˌbɒsəˈnəʊvə /   US: /ˌbɑːsəˈnoʊvə /   UK:   /ˌbɒsə ˈnəʊvə /   US:  /ˌbɑːsə ˈnoʊvə /   US:  /ˌbɔːsə ˈnoʊvə /            Fortu.    A dance that comes from Brazil, or the music for this dance.
42  bravura   UK:   /brəˈvjʊərə/             US:  /brəˈvjʊrə/        Italian  Great skill and enthusiasm in doing something artistic. 
43  Café   UK:   /ˈkæfeɪ/                 US:  /kæˈfeɪ/          Italian  A place where you can buy drinks and simple meals.    
44  carte blanche   UK:  /ˌkɑːt ˈblɑːnʃ   US: /ˌkɑːrt ˈblɑːnʃ/  French   Permission or freedom to do whatever you want.    
45  caveat emptor   UK: /ˌkæviæt ˈemptɔː/ US:/ˌkæviæt ˈemptɔːr/        Latin  The principle that a person who buys something is responsible for finding any faults in the thing they buy    
46  Chocolate   UK:   /ˈtʃɒklət/ US:  /ˈtʃɑːklət/ US:  /ˈtʃɔːklət/   UK: /ˈtʃɒklət/ /ˈtʃɒklɪt /   US: /ˈtʃɑːkələt/ /ˈtʃɒːklət      Native african    A hard-brown sweet food made from cocoa beans, used in cooking to add flavour to cakes, etc. Or eaten as a sweet/candy.
47  chow   UK: /tʃaʊ/                   US: /tʃaʊ/      Chinese  1. (Slang) Food   2. (Also ˈchow chow) a dog with long thick hair, a curled tail and a blue-black tongue, originally from china.  
48  chutzpah   UK:   /ˈxʊtspə/ US:  /ˈxʊtspə/   UK:   /ˈhʊtspə/   US:  /ˈhʊtspə/   UK /ˈhʊtspə/   US: /ˈhʊtspə    Yiddish  Behaviour, or a person’s attitude, that is rude or shocking but so confident that people may feel forced to admire it.   Unusual and shocking behaviour, involving taking risks but not feeling guilty.  
49  cognoscenti   UK: /ˌkɒnjəʊˈʃenti /   US: /ˌkɑːnjə ˈʃenti /  Italian   People who have special knowledge about a subject, especially art, literature, or food.  
50  comme il faut   UK: /ˌkɒm ɪl ˈfəʊ/ US: /ˌkɑːm ɪl ˈfoʊ/Spanish     Behaving or dressing in the right way in public according to formal rules of social behaviour:   Synonym: seemly old-fashioned  
51  compos mentis   UK: /ˌkɒmpəs ˈmentɪs/ US:/ˌkɑːmpəs ˈmentɪs/

      Latin  Having full control of your mind.    
52  corpus delicti   UK:   /ˌkɔːpəs dɪˈlɪktaɪ/ US:  /ˌkɔːrpəs dɪˈlɪktaɪ/   /dɪˈlɪktʌɪ/ /ˌkôrpəs dəˈliktī/ /ˌkɔrpəs dəˈlɪktaɪ/ /ˌkôrpəs dəˈliktē/ /ˌkɔrpəs dəˈlɪkti                      Latin  1. The circumstances in which a law is broken, and the facts relating to the case.   2. evidence that can be seen, for example a dead body.   3. The facts and circumstances constituting a crime.
53  cordon sanitaire   UK: /ˌkɔːdɒ̃ sænɪˈteər/  US: /kɔːrˌdɑ̃ː sɑːniˈter/     UK: /ˌkɔːdɒ̃ sænɪˈteər/  US:/kɔːrˌdɑ̃ːsɑːniˈter/   Pl: cordons sanitaires      French  A guarded area around a place or country that prevents people from entering or leaving it:  
54Cosa Nostra   UK: /ˌkəʊzə ˈnɒstrə/  US:/ˌkəʊsə ˈnəʊstrə/   For the mafia (=a secret criminal organization) in the US
55coup de foudre

    UK: /ˌkuː də ˈfuːdr(ə)/ US /ˌku də ˈfud(rə)/
French A sudden unforeseen event, in particular an instance of love at first sight.    
56  coup de grâce   UK:  /ˌkuː də ˈɡrɑːs/ US:  /ˌkuː də ˈɡrɑːs/          French1. An action or event that finally ends something that has been getting weaker or worse.   2. A hit or shot that finally kills a person or an animal, especially to put an end to their suffering.  
57coup de main

UK: /ˌkuː də ˈmã/  
French A sudden surprise attack, especially one made by an army during war.  
58  coup de théâtre   UK: /ˌkuː də teɪˈɑːtrə/ US: /ˌkuː də teɪˈɑːtrə/   Pl. Coups de théâtre          French    1. Something very dramatic and surprising that happens, especially in a play.   2. A play, show, etc. Which is very successful.  
59  coup d’état   UK:  /ˌkuː deɪˈtɑː/ US:  /ˌkuː deɪˈtɑː/     Sudden defeat of a government through illegal force by a small group, often a military one.
60  Croissant

UK:   /ˈkrwæsɒ̃/ US:  /krwɑːˈsɑː̃/ US:  /krəˈsɑːnt/                    UK /ˈkwæs.ɒ̃/                US: /kwɑːˈsɑ̃ː/  
          French    A small, sweet roll with a curved shape, eaten especially at breakfast.
61  cui bono?            UK: /ˌkwiː ˈbɒnəʊ/ UK:   /ˌkwiː ˈbəʊnəʊ/ US:  /ˌkwiː ˈboʊnoʊ/        Latin  Used for asking who was likely to benefit from a crime, and who therefore is likely to be guilty.
cul-de-sac   UK: /ˈkʌl də sæk/ US: /ˈkʌl də sæk/  
French​ A street that is closed at one end.
63  de facto

UK:  /ˌdeɪ ˈfæktəʊ/ US:  /ˌdeɪ ˈfæktoʊ/
 Existing as a fact although it may not be legally accepted as existing   Really existing although not legally stated to exist.
64  de jure     UK:  /ˌdeɪ ˈdʒʊəri/ US:  /ˌdeɪ ˈdʒʊri/      LatinAccording to the law.    
65  de rigueur   UK:  /ˌdə rɪˈɡɜː(r)/             US:  /ˌdə rɪˈɡɜːr/      French    Considered necessary if you wish to be accepted socially,  
66  Dei gratia   UK: /ˌdeɪiː ˈɡrɑːtɪə/ US: /ˌdeɪiː ˈɡrɑːʃɪə/   By the grace of God.  
67  déjà vu   UK:  /ˌdeɪʒɑː ˈvuː/ US:  /ˌdeɪʒɑː ˈvuː/   The feeling that you have previously experienced something which is happening to you now.    
68  Delicatessen    UK:   /ˌdelɪkəˈtesn/ US:  /ˌdelɪkəˈtesn/    GermanA shop/store or part of one that sells cooked meats and cheeses, and special or unusual foods that come from other countries.
69  Deo gratias   UK: /ˌdeɪəʊ ˈɡrɑːtɪəs/ US: /ˌdeɪəʊ ˈɡrɑː ʃɪəs/  Latin   Thanks be to God.
70  deus ex machina   UK: /ˌdeɪʊs eks ˈmækɪnə/ US: /ˌdeɪʊs eks ˈmækɪnə/          Latin  An unexpected power or event that saves a situation that seems without hope, especially in a play or novel   An unnatural or very unlikely end to a story or event, that solves or removes any problems too easily.    
71  dolce far niente   UK: /ˌdɒltʃeɪ fɑː nɪˈɛnteɪ/Italian Pleasant idleness.   Example: Henry hastened to explain about the joys of dolce far niente’  
72  doppelgänger   UK:   /ˈdɒplɡæŋə(r)/           US:  /ˈdɑːplɡæŋər/             UK: /ˈdɒplɡeŋə(r)/           US:  /ˈdɑːplɡeŋər/          German  A person’s doppelgänger is another person who looks exactly like them   A spirit that looks exactly like a living person, or someone who looks exactly like someone else but who is not related to that person.  
73  double entendre   UK: /ˌduːbl ɒ̃ˈtɒ̃drə/   US: /ˌduːbl ɑː̃ˈtɑː̃drə/      French  A word or phrase that can be understood in two different ways, one of which usually refers to sex.  
74  dramatis personae   UK:/ˌdræmətɪs pɜːˈsəʊnaɪ/ US:/ˌdræmətɪs pɜːrˈsoʊnaɪ/      Latin  All the characters in a play in the theatre.
75  embarras de richesse   UK: /ɒmbəˌrɑː də rɪˈʃɛs/            French  The state of having an overwhelming or encumbering excess of wealth, resources, or options.   Synonyms: An abundance, plethora, profusion.  
76      éminence grise   UK: /ˌemɪnɒns ˈɡriːz   US: /ˌemɪnɑːns ˈɡriːz/        French  Someone who has unofficial power, often secretly, through someone else.    
77entente cordiale   UK: /ˌɒntɒnt ˌkɔːdiˈɑːl/   US: /ˌɑːntɑːnt ˌkɔːrdiˈɑːl/      French  A friendly relationship between two countries, especially between Britain and France
78      entre nous   UK: /ˌɒn.trə ˈnuː/   US:  /ˌɑːn.trə ˈnuː/        French  Used when telling someone something that is secret and should not be told to anyone else:   Example: There were master manufacturers there actually that looked and talked as big as himself, and entre nous, a vast deal more cleverly.  
79  entrepreneur   UK: /ˌɒntrəprəˈnɜː(r)/         US:  /ˌɑːntrəprəˈnɜːr/        French  A person who makes money by starting or running businesses, especially when this involves taking financial risk  
80  ersatz   UK:   /ˈeəzæts/   US:  /ˈersɑːts/

    German  Artificial and not as good as the real thing or product.
81  esprit de corps   UK: /eˌspriː də ˈkɔː/  US: /eˌspriː də ˈkɔːr/      FrenchFeelings of pride, care and support for each other, etc. That are shared by the members of a group.
82  eureka   UK: /juˈriːkə/                 US:  /juˈriːkə          Greek  Used to show pleasure at having found something, especially the answer to a problem.    
83  ex gratia     UK:   /ˌeks ˈɡreɪʃə/ US:  /ˌeks ˈɡreɪʃə/        Latin  Given or done as a gift or favour, not because there is a legal duty to do it.    
84  ex officio    UK:   /ˌeks əˈfɪʃiəʊ/ US:  /ˌeks əˈfɪʃioʊ/                Latin  Included or allowed because of your job, position or rank.     An ex-officio member of an organization is only a member because of their rank or position.  
85  fait accompli    UK: /ˌfet əkɒmˈpliː/ US: /ˌfeɪt əkɑːmˈpliː/          FrenchSomething that has already happened or been done and cannot be changed:  
86   fata Morgana   UK:/ˌfɑːtə mɔːˈɡɑːnə/  US: /ˌfädə ˌmôrˈɡänə/  US: /ˌfɑdə ˌmɔrˈɡɑnə/          Latin  A mirage.  
87  faute de mieux    UK:   /ˌfəʊt də ˈmjɜː/ US:  /ˌfoʊt də ˈmjɜː/        French  Because there is nothing else that is better.  
88  faux pas   UK:   /ˌfəʊ ˈpɑː/               US:  /ˌfoʊ ˈpɑː   UK: /ˌfəʊ ˈpɑːz/ US: /ˌfoʊ ˈpɑːz/   Pl. faux pas                  French  An action or a remark that causes embarrassment because it is not socially correct.,   Words or behaviour that are a social mistake or not polite:    
89  femme fatale   UK:   /ˌfæm fəˈtɑːl/            US:  /ˌfem fəˈtæl/        French  Avery beautiful woman that men find sexually attractive but who brings them trouble or unhappiness.
90  fête champêtre   UK: /ˌfɛt ʃɒ̃ˈpɛtr(ə)/  French  An outdoor entertainment such as a garden party.  
91  fiasco   UK: /fiˈæskəʊ/   US:  /fiˈæskoʊ/  Italian  Something that does not succeed, often in a way that causes embarrassment.
92  fin de siècle   UK: /ˌfæn də siːˈeklə/ US: /ˌfæn də siːˈeklə/   /ˌfæn də ˈsjeklə/   UK:  /ˌfæ̃ də ˈsjekl/   US:  /ˌfæ̃ də ˈsjekl/          French  Relating to the end of the 19th century, especially the art, culture, and morals of the period.
93  folie de grandeur   UK:  /ˌfɒlɪ də ɡrɒ̃ˈdəː/        FrenchDelusions of grandeur.  
94  force majeure   UK:   /ˌfɔːs mæˈʒɜː(r)/         US:  /ˌfɔːrs mæˈʒɜːr/      French  Unexpected circumstances, such as war, that can be used as an excuse when they prevent somebody from doing something that is written in a contract  
95  gemütlich   UK: /ɡəˈmuːtlɪx/              US: /ɡəˈmutlɪk/  GermanPleasant and cheerful.  
96  genre                   UK: /ˈʒɒ̃rə/ UK:   /ˈʒɒnrə/ US:  /ˈʒɑːnrə/        FrenchA particular type or style of literature, art, film or music that you can recognize because of its special features.
97  gesundheit   UK: /ɡəˈzʊndhaɪt/ US:  /ɡəˈzʊndhaɪt/  GermanUsed when somebody has sneezed to wish them good health.
98  gîte   UK: /ʒiːt/  US: /ʒiːt/      FrenchA holiday house for renting in France.
99  grande dam   UK: /ɡrɒ̃d ˈdam/    FrenchA woman holding an influential position within a particular sphere.    
100  guerrilla   UK: /ɡəˈrɪlə/                  US: /ɡəˈrɪlə/        SpanishA member of a small group of soldiers who are not part of an official army and who fight against official soldiers, usually to try to change the government    
101  habeas corpus   UK: /ˌheɪb.əs ˈkɔːpəs/ US: /ˌheɪbiəs ˈkɔːrpəs/                  LatinA legal order that states that a person in prison must appear before and be judged by a court of law before he or she can be forced by law to stay in prison   A law that states that a person who has been arrested should not be kept in prison longer than a particular period of time unless a judge in court has decided that it is right to apply for a writ of habeas corpus    
102  haut monde   UK:  /əʊ ˈmɒ̃d/    FrenchFashionable society.  
103  haute couture   UK:  /ˌəʊt kuˈtjʊə(r)/          US:  /ˌoʊt kuˈtʊr/  FrenchThe business of making and selling expensive and fashionable clothes for women
104    haute cuisine UK: /ˌəʊt kwɪˈziːn/   US:  /ˌoʊt kwɪˈziːnFrenchCooking of a very high standard
105    hoi polloi UK: /ˌhɔɪ pəˈlɔɪ/     US:  /ˌhɔɪ pəˈlɔɪ/  GreekAn insulting word for ordinary people.   Anthony will be in the vip lounge where he doesn’t have to mix with the hoi polloi.  
106Hors d’oeuvre UK: /ɔː ˈdəːv/   /ɔːˈdəːvr(ə)/   US: /ôr ˈdərv/ /ɔr ˈdərv/FrenchA small savoury dish, typically one served as an appetizer.   Example: ‘A trolley laden with fifteen different hors d’oeuvres’.  
107  hors de combat UK:   /ˌɔː də ˈkɒ̃bɑː/   US:  /ˌɔːr də koʊmˈbɑːFrench  Unable to fight or to take part in an activity, especially because you are injured.  
108idée fixe UK:   /ˌiː.deɪ ˈfiːks/   US: /ˌiː.deɪ ˈfiːks/   UK:/ˌiː.deɪ ˈfiːks/   US:/ˌiː.deɪ ˈfiːks/       Plu: idées fixes      FrenchA belief that someone refuses to change their mind about, even though it may be wrong.    
109in absentia   UK: /ˌɪn æbˈsenʃiə/   US:  /ˌɪn æbˈsenʃiə/LatinWhile the person involved is not present:  
110      in camera UK: /ˌɪn ˈkæm.rə/   US: /ˌɪn ˈkæm.rə  Latin  In private, without the public, newspaper reporters, etc. Being there:  
111    in extremis UK: /ˌɪn ɪkˈstriːmɪs/   US:  /ˌɪn ɪkˈstriːmɪsLatin  1. in a very difficult situation when very strong action is needed.   2. At the moment of death.  
112in flagrante UK:/ˌɪn fləˈɡræn.teɪ/   US: /ˌɪn fləˈɡræn.teɪ/     UK: /ˌɪn fləˈɡrænti/   US: /ˌɪn fləˈɡræntiFrenchThe act of doing something wrong, especially having sex with someone who is not your husband, wife, or usual partner:     If somebody is found or caught in flagrante, they are discovered doing something that they should not be doing, especially having sex    
113  in flagrante delicto   US: /ˌɪn fləˌɡrɑnˌteɪ dəˈlɪkˌtoʊ UK: /ɪn fləˌɡranteɪ dɪˈlɪktəʊ/        LatinIn the very act of wrongdoing, especially in an act of sexual misconduct.    
114        in loco parentis  UK: /ɪn ˌləʊkəʊ pəˈrentɪs/   US: /ɪn ˌloʊkoʊ pəˈrentɪs/          Latin  Being responsible for a child while the child’s parents are absent:   Having the same responsibility for a child as a parent has     Parenting and caring for children.  
115    in medias res UK:   /ɪn ˌmiːdiæs ˈreɪz/   US:  /ɪn ˌmiːdiæs ˈreɪz     UK: /ɪn ˌmiː.di.æs ˈreɪs/ 

US: /ɪn ˌmiː.di.æs ˈreɪs
Latin  Straight into the main part of a story or account without giving any introduction   A Latin expression that refers to a story, or the action of a play, etc. Starting without any introduction:  
116in propria persona   UK: /ɪn ˌprəʊprɪə pəːˈsəʊnə/   US: /ˌɪn ˌproʊpriə pərˈsoʊnəLatinIn his or her own person.    
117in situ UK: /ˌɪn ˈsɪtjuː/   UK:   /ˌɪn ˈsaɪtjuː/  LatinIn the original or correct place     In the appropriate position
118in toto UK:  /ˌɪn ˈtəʊtəʊ/   US:  /ˌɪn ˈtoʊtoʊ/  LatinCompletely, including all parts    
119inter alia UK: /ˌɪntər ˈeɪliə/     US:  /ˌɪntər ˈeɪliə/  LatinAmong other things  
120ipso facto UK: /ˌɪpsəʊ ˈfæktəʊ/     US:  /ˌɪpsoʊ ˈfæktoʊ/LatinBecause of the fact that has been mentioned.    
121je ne sais quoi UK:   /ˌʒə nə seɪ ˈkwɑː/   US:  /ˌʒə nə seɪ ˈkwɑː/French  A good quality that is difficult to describe   French for ‘I don’t know what’.    
122  jeu d’esprit   UK: /ʒəː dɛˈspriː/FrenchA light-hearted display of wit and cleverness, especially in a work of literature.    
123jeunesse dorée   UK:  /ʒəːˌnɛs ˈdɔːreɪ/ /ʒəˌnɛs dɔˈreɪ/FrenchFashionable, wealthy young people.    
124joie de vivre   UK: /ˌʒwʌ də ˈviːvrə/   US:  /ˌʒwʌ də ˈviːvrə/   [ RyDAv:`v fxåv ]  FrenchA feeling of great happiness and enjoyment of life
125karaoke UK: /ˌkæriˈəʊki/   US:  /ˌkɑːrəˈoʊki/     UK:   /ˌkæriˈəʊki/   US:  /ˌkæriˈoʊki/  JapanAn activity that people do for entertainment, in which someone sings a popular song while a karaoke machine plays the music to the song:        
126katzenjammer UK:  /ˈkatzənˌdʒamə/ /ˈkætsənˌdʒæmər/German1. Confusion; uproar.   2. A hangover; a severe headache resulting from a hangover.
127ketchup / catchup UK: /ˈketʃəp/   US:  /ˈketʃəp/ChineseA thick cold sauce made from tomatoes, usually sold in bottles
128  kindergarten UK:/ˈkɪndəɡɑːtn/   US:  /ˈkɪndərɡɑːrtn/  German1. ( US: ) a school or class to prepare children aged five for school.   2. (UK., Austr., NZE) = nursery school.
129  klutz UK:   /klʌts/   US:  /klʌts/  YiddishA person who often drops things, is not good at sport(s), etc.
130la dolce vita UK: /lɑː ˌdɒltʃeɪ ˈviːtə/ US:  /lɑː ˌdoultʃeɪ ˈviːtə/ItalianA life of pleasure and expensive things, without any worries    
131laissez-faire UK: /ˌleseɪ ˈfeə(r)/   US: / ˌleseɪ ˈfer/   UK /ˌleɪ.seɪˈfeər/ US  /ˌleɪ.seɪˈfer/FrenchThe policy of allowing private businesses to develop without government control
132  Lingerie UK: /ˈlænʒəri/   US:  /ˌlɑːndʒəˈreɪ/  French(Used especially by shops/stores) women’s underwear
133lingua franca UK: /ˌlɪŋɡwə ˈfræŋkə/ItalianA language used between people whose main languages are different.   A shared language of communication used between people whose main languages are different  
134locum tenens   UK:  /ˌləʊkəm ˈtiːnɛnz/ /ˌləʊkəm ˈtɛnɛnz/  LatinFull form of locum    
135  locus classicus   UK:/ˌləʊkəs ˈklasɪkəs/   /ˌlɒkəs ˈklasɪkəs/   US: /ˌloʊkəs ˈklæsəkəs/LatinA passage considered to be the best known or most authoritative on a particular subject.    
136macho UK: /ˈmætʃəʊ/   US:  /ˈmɑːtʃoʊ/  SpanishMale in an aggressive way he’s too macho to ever admit he was wrong.    
137magnum opus UK: /ˌmæɡ.nəm ˈəʊ.pəs/   US: /ˌmæɡ.nəm ˈoʊ.pəs/  LatinThe most important piece of work done by a writer or artist:    
138  mandamus   UK: /mænˈdeɪməs/     An official order from a court of law stating that a person or organization must do a particular thing.  
139manqué UK: /ˈmɒŋkeɪ/     US:  /mɑːŋˈkeɪ/French(Formal or humorous) used to describe a person who hoped to follow a particular career but who failed in it or never tried it.   He’s really an artist manqué.
140mea culpa/ˌmeɪə ˈkʊlpə/LatinUsed humorously to admit that something is your fault
141memento mori UK:   /məˌmentəʊ ˈmɔːri/   US:  /məˌmentoʊ ˈmɔːri/   UK: /məˌmentəʊ ˈmɔːraɪ/   US:  /məˌmentoʊ ˈmɔːraɪLatinAn object or symbol that reminds or warns you of death.
142ménage à trois   UK:   /ˌmeɪnɑːʒ ɑː ˈtrwʌ/   US:  /ˌmeɪnɑːʒ ɑː ˈtrwʌ/   UK:   /meɪˌnɑːʒ ɑː ˈtrwɑː/   US: /meɪˌnɑːʒ ɑː ˈtrwɑː/     UK: /ˌmeɪnɑːʒ ɑː ˈtrwɑː/   US: məˌnɑːʒ ˈtrwɑː/FrenchA situation where three people, especially a husband, wife and lover, live together and have sexual relationships with each other.   An arrangement in which three people live together and have sexual relationships with each other.   A sexual relationship involving three people who live together.  
143modus operandi   UK: /ˌməʊdəs ˌɒpəˈrændiː/   US: /ˌmoʊdəs ˌɑːpəˈrændiː/LatinA particular method of working     A way of doing something that is typical of a particular person or group.  
144modus vivendi UK: /ˌməʊdəs vɪˈvendiː/     US:  /ˌmoʊdəs vɪˈvendiː/LatinAn arrangement that is made between people, institutions or countries who have very different opinions or ideas, so that they can live or work together without arguing.   Example: The two states reached a kind of modus vivendi.
145mot juste UK: /ˌməʊ ˈʒuːst/   US:  /ˌmoʊ ˈʒuːst/French  The exact word that is appropriate for the situation.
146ne plus ultra UK: /ˌneɪ plʊs ˈʊltrɑː/   US:  /ˌneɪ plʊs ˈʊltrə/   UK: /ˌneɪ plʌs ˈʌltrə/   US:/ˌneɪ plʌs ˈʌltrəLatinThe perfect example of something       The best or most excellent example of something.  
147  nil desperandum UK: /ˌdɛspəˈrandəm/ /ˌnɪl ˌdɛspəˈrɑndəm/  LatinDo not despair; never despair.
148  noblesse oblige UK: /nəʊˌbles əˈbliːʒ/   US:  /noʊˌbles əˈbliːʒ/           UK /nəʊˌbles əʊˈbliːʒ/   US: /noʊˌbles oʊˈbliːʒ/              FrenchThe idea that people who have special advantages of wealth, etc. Should help other people who do not have these advantages   The idea that people who belong to a high social class should behave in a kind and generous way towards people of a lower social class   The idea that someone with power and influence should use their social position to help other people
149nolens volens UK: /ˌnəʊlɛnz ˈvəʊlɛnz/
US: /ˌnoʊlənz ˈvoʊlənz/
LatinWhether a person wants or likes something or not.    
150      non sequitur UK: /ˌnɒn ˈsekwɪtə(r)/   US:  /ˌnɑːn ˈsekwɪtər/        LatinA statement that does not seem to follow what has just been said in any natural or logical way     A conclusion or statement that does not logically follow from the previous argument or statement.    
151      nouveau riche UK: /ˌnuːvəʊ ˈriːʃ/     US:  /ˌnuːvoʊ ˈriːʃ/French  A person who has recently become rich and likes to show how rich they are in a very obvious way.
152  objet d’art   UK: /ɒbʒeɪ ˈdɑː/   US: /ˌɔbʒeɪ ˈdɑr/FrenchA small decorative or artistic object, typically when regarded as a collectable item.    
153off-piste UK: /ˌɒfˈpiːst/     US: /ˌɑːfˈpiːst/French Used to refer to skiing that is done on areas of snow that have not been specially prepared for skiing on:    
154on dit   UK: /ɒ̃ ˈdiː/FrenchA piece of gossip; a rumour.   Example: ‘the latest on dit on Karl’.  
155  origami UK: /ˌɒrɪˈɡɑːmi/ US: /ˌɔːrɪˈɡɑːmi/JapanThe art of making objects for decoration by folding sheets of paper into shapes:  
156papabile UK: /pəˈpɑːbɪleɪ/   /pəˈpɑːbɪli/  ItalianWorthy of being or eligible to be pope.  
157  Paparazzo   UK: /ˌpæpəˈrætsəʊ/   US:  /ˌpæpəˈrætsoʊ/   UK: /ˌpæpəˈrætsi/   US:  ˌpæpəˈrætsi   Pl. Paparazzi  Italian  A photographer who follows famous people around in order to get interesting photographs of them to sell to a newspaper.
158par excellence UK: /ˌpɑːr ˈeksəlɑːns/   US:  /ˌpɑːr ˌeksəˈlɑːns/     UK :/ˌpɑːrˌ ˈlɑ̃ːns/   US: /ˌpɑːrˌ ˈlɑ̃ːns/  French(Only used after the noun it describes) better than all the others of the same kind; a very good example of something.   You describe something as par excellence when it is the best example of its type.  
159  parti pris   UK: /ˌpɑːtɪ ˈpriː/   US: /ˌpɑrdi ˈpri/FrenchA preconceived view; a bias.   Prejudiced; biased.
 Penchant UK: /ˈpɒ̃ʃɒ̃ US:  /ˈpentʃənt/French  
patio UK: /ˈpætiəʊ/   US:  /ˈpætioʊ
SpanishA flat hard area outside, and usually behind, a house where people can sit.  
161per annum UK:   /pər ˈænəm/   US:  /pər ˈænəm/  LatinFor each year earning £30 000 per annum
162per capita UK: /pə ˈkæpɪtə/     US:  /pər ˈkæpɪtə/  Latin  If you express an amount per capita, you mean that amount for each person:  
163per se UK:   /ˌpɜː ˈseɪ/   US:  /ˌpɜːr ˈseɪ/LatinUsed meaning ‘by itself’ to show that you are referring to something on its own, rather than in connection with other things.   Used to say that something is being considered alone, not with other connected things:   By or of itself:    
164  persona non grata     UK: /pɜːˌsəʊnə nɒn ˈɡrɑːtə/     US: /pɜːrˌsoʊnə nɑːn ˈɡrɑːtə/   UK: /pɜːˌsəʊnə nəʊn ˈɡrɑːtə/   UK: /pəˌsəʊnə nɒn ˈɡrɑːtə/   US: /pɚˌsoʊnə nɑːn ˈɡrɑːt̬ə/       UK/pəˌsəʊniː nɒn ˈɡrɑːtiː/   US/pɚˌsoʊniː nɑːn ˈɡrɑːt̬iː/     Pl: personae non gratae    LatinA person who is not welcome in a particular place because of something they have said or done, especially one who is told to leave a country by the government.   To be not welcome in a particular place because of something that you have done – used especially when a foreign government orders you to go home.  
165  pièce de résistance   UK: /piˌes də reziːˈstɑːns/     UK: /ˌpjes də reˈzɪstɒ̃s/

US:  /ˌpjes də reˈzɪstɑːns
            French  The best or most important thing in a series, which comes after everything else:   The most important or impressive part of a group or series of things of all the events.    
166pied-à-terre   UK: /ˌpjeɪd ɑː ˈteə(r)/   US: /ˌpjeɪd ɑː ˈter/FrenchA small flat/apartment, usually in a town, that you do not live in as your main home but keep for use when necessary.
167  Piñata   UK: /pɪnˈjɑːtə/   US:  /pɪnˈjɑːtə/Spanish  (In Spanish-speaking communities in the US)

A brightly decorated figure, filled with toys and sweets/candy, which children try to hit with a stick with their eyes covered in order to break it open, as a party game.  
168  pis aller UK: /piːz ˈaleɪ/ US: /ˌpiz əˈleɪ/FrenchA course of action followed as a last resort.    
169plat du jour   UK: /ˌplɑː dʊ ˈʒʊə/   US: /ˌplɑː dʊ ˈʒʊr/     UK: /ˌpla d(j)uː ˈʒʊə/ US: /ˌplɑ də ˈʒʊr/  French  A dish that a restaurant prepares specially on a particular day in addition to its usual food.   A dish specially prepared by a restaurant on a particular day, in addition to the usual menu.    
170Plaza   UK: /ˈplɑːzə/   US:  /ˈplæzə/Spanish  1. A public outdoor square especially in a town where Spanish is spoken.     2. a small shopping centre, sometimes also with offices  
171plus ça change   UK: /ˌpluː sa ˈʃɒ̃ʒ/   /ply sa ʃɑ̃ʒ/French  Used to express resigned acknowledgement of the fundamental immutability of human nature and institutions.
172pococurante   UK: /ˌpəʊkəʊkjʊˈranti/  Italian  Indifferent or unconcerned.
173poltergeist UK: /ˈpəʊltəɡaɪst/

UK:   /ˈpɒltəɡaɪst/

US:  /ˈpoʊltərɡaɪst/
German    A ghost that makes loud noises and throws objects
174prima donna UK:/ˌpriːmə ˈdɒnə/

US:  /ˌpriːmə ˈdɑːnə/  
Italian  1. The main woman singer in an opera performance or an opera company. 2. (Disapproving) A person who thinks they are very important because they are good at something, and who behaves badly when they do not get what they want.
175prima facie UK:/ˌpraɪmə ˈfeɪʃi/   US:  /ˌpraɪmə ˈfeɪʃi/   US: /ˌpraɪmə ˈfeɪʃəLatin  Based on what at first seems to be true, although it may be proved false later.     At first sight (= based on what seems to be the truth when first seen or heard):    
176  primus inter pares   UK: /ˌpriːməs ɪntə ˈpɑːriːz/ /ˌprʌɪməs ɪntə ˈpɑːriːz /   /ˌpraɪməs ˌɪn(t)ər ˈpɛriz/        Latin  A first among equals; the senior or representative member of a group.    
177pro bono UK: /ˌprəʊ ˈbəʊnəʊ/   US:  /ˌproʊ ˈboʊnoʊ/  Latin  (Especially of legal work) done without asking for payment.
178pro forma   UK: /ˌprəʊ ˈfɔːmə/   US:  /ˌproʊ ˈfɔːrməLatin  1. Pro forma words or actions are usual or done in the usual way: A pro forma declaration of loyalty.   2. A list of things that have been ordered, sent with their prices to a customer so that the things can be paid for before they are delivered.     3. Used to describe financial results which are not final but give an idea of what is expected before the real results are known.   4. A particular type of letter, document, etc. that is created as an example to show how others of the same type should be written or prepared:    
179pro rata UK: /ˌprəʊ ˈrɑːtə/   US:  /ˌproʊ ˈrɑːtə/           UK :/ˌprəʊ ˈrɑːtə/   US:  /proʊ ˈreɪtə/  Latin  (Of a payment or share of something) calculated according to how much of something has been used, the amount of work done, etc.         Calculated according to, or as a share of, the fixed rate for a larger total amount:    
180proxime accessit   UK: /ˌprɒksɪmeɪ akˈsɛsɪt/ /ˌprɒksɪmi akˈsɛsɪt /LatinUsed to US:  the person who comes second in an examination or is runner-up for an award.    
181que sera sera UK: /ˈkeɪ sərɑː sərɑː/      Spanish  Used to convey a fatalistic recognition that future events are out of the speaker’s control.    
182quid pro quo UK:/ˌkwɪd prəʊ ˈkwəʊ/   US:  /ˌkwɪd proʊ ˈkwoʊLatin  A thing given in return for something else   Something that is given to a person in return for something they have done.   The government has promised food aid as a quid pro quo for the stopping of violence.
183raison d’être   UK:/ˌreɪzɒ̃ ˈdɛtrə/   US: /ˌreɪzɔn ˈdɛtrə/FrenchThe most important reason or purpose for someone or something’s existence.    
184  reductio ad absurdum UK:/rɪˌdʌktiəʊ æd æbˈsɜːdəm/   US:/rɪˌdʌktioʊ æd æbˈsɜːrdəm/LatinA method of proving that something is not true by showing that its result is not logical or sensible.   A method of proving the falsity of a premise by showing that its logical consequence is absurd or contradictory.  
185rendezvous   UK:/ˈrɒndɪvuː/   US: /ˈrɑːndɪvuː/   UK: /ˈrɒndeɪvuː/   US: /ˈrɑːndeɪvuː/     Pl. Rendezvous UK: /ˈrɒndɪvuːz/   US: /ˈrɑːndɪvuːz/   UK: / ˈrɒndeɪvuːz/   US: /ˈrɑːndeɪvuːz/  French  1. An arrangement to meet somebody at a particular time and place.    2. A place where people have arranged to meet   3. A bar, etc. that is a popular place for people to meet.  
186Renaissance   UK: /rɪˈneɪsns/   US: /ˈrenəsɑːns/  French  1. the Renaissance the period in Europe during the 14th, 15th and 16th centuries when people became interested in the ideas and culture of ancient Greece and Rome and used these influences in their own art, literature, etc.     2. A situation when there is new interest in a particular subject, form of art, etc. after a period when it was not very popular revival.  
187roman-à-clef   UK: /ˌrəʊmɒ̃ɑːˈkleɪ/ US: / roʊˌmɑːn ɑː ˈkleɪ/FrenchA novel based on the actions of real people, who are given different names in the novel so that they seem to be invented characters and not real.    
188rucksack   UK: /ˈrʌksæk/   US:  /ˈrʌksæk/GermanA large bag, often supported on a light metal frame, carried on the back and used especially by people who go climbing or walking.
189safari UK: /səˈfɑːri/   US: /səˈfɑːri/Swahili1 a trip to see or hunt wild animals, especially in east or southern Africa.   2. a journey; a period of time spent travelling or when you are not at home or working.  
190sangfroid UK:   /sɒŋˈfrwɑː/US:  /sɑːŋˈfrwɑː/FrenchThe ability to remain calm in a difficult or dangerous situation.    
191savoir faire UK:/ˌsævwɑː ˈfeə(r)/   US:  /ˌsævwɑːr ˈfer/  French    The ability to behave in the appropriate way in social situation.
192Schadenfreude   UK: /ˈʃɑːdnfrɔɪdə/   US: /ˈʃɑːdnfrɔɪdə/  German  A feeling of pleasure at the bad things that happen to other people.   
193schmooze UK: /ʃmuːz/   US: /ʃmuːz/   To talk informally with someone, especially in a way that is not sincere or to win some advantage for yourself.  
194  siesta UK: /siˈestə/   US:  /siˈestə/Spanish  A rest or sleep taken in the early afternoon, especially in hot countries.  
195sine die UK: /ˌsaɪni ˈdaɪiː/ US:  /ˌsaɪni ˈdaɪiː/ UK:   /ˌsɪneɪ ˈdiːeɪ/ US:  /ˌsɪneɪ ˈdiːeɪ/   UK:/ˌsɪneɪˈdiːeɪ/ /ˌsaɪniˈdaɪiː/ US: /ˌsaɪniˈdaɪ/ /ˌsɪneɪˈdiːeɪ /  LatinWithout a future date being arranged.     Without arranging a future date for something.
196sine qua non   UK: /ˌsɪneɪ kwɑː ˈnəʊn/   US:  /ˌsɪneɪ kwɑː ˈnoʊn/  LatinSomething that is essential before you can achieve something else.     Something that you must have, or which must exist, before something else can happen.  
197smorgasbord   UK: /ˈsmɔːɡəsbɔːd/   US:  /ˈsmɔːrɡəsbɔːrd/  SwedishA meal at which you serve yourself from a large range of hot and cold dishes.
198soi-disant   UK: /ˌswɑː diːˈzɒ̃/   US:  /ˌswɑː diːˈzɑː̃FrenchUsed to show somebody’s description of himself/herself, usually when you do not agree with it  
199Soignée   UK: /ˈswɑːnjeɪ/   US:  /swɑːnˈjeɪ/  French  (Of a woman) elegant; carefully and neatly dressed.
200sotto voce UK: /ˌsɒtəʊ ˈvəʊtʃi/   US: /ˌsɑːtoʊ ˈvoʊtʃi/ItalianIn a quiet voice so that not everyone can hear    
201soupçon UK: /ˈsuːpsɒn/   US: /ˈsuːpsɑːn/FrenchA very small amount there was a soupçon of malice in her remark. Add just a soupçon of garlic.
202spiel   UK: /ʃpiːl/, /spiːl/   US:  /ʃpiːl/, /spiːl/  GermanA long speech that somebody has used many times, that is intended to persuade you to believe something or buy something.
203status quo UK: /ˌsteɪtəs ˈkwəʊ/   US:  /ˌsteɪtəs ˈkwoʊ/Latin  The situation as it is now, or as it was before a recent change.     Present situation.   
204sub judice UK: /ˌsʌb ˈdʒuːdəsi/ US:  /ˌsʌb ˈdʒuːdəsi/ UK:   /ˌsʌb ˈdʒuːdəseɪ/ US:  /ˌsʌb ˈdʒuːdəseɪ/ UK:   /ˌsʌb ˈdʒuːdəkeɪ/ US:  /ˌsʌb ˈdʒuːdəkeɪ/     UK: /ˌsʌbˈdʒuːdɪsi/ US:  /ˈdʒuːdɪsi/, /ˈjuːdɪkeɪ/  Latin  If a legal case is sub judice, it is still being discussed in court and it is therefore illegal for anyone to talk about it in newspapers, etc.       A legal case being considered sub judice is now being dealt with by a court, and therefore is not allowed to be publicly discussed, for example in a newspaper.  
205sub rosa UK: /sʌb ˈrəʊzə/LatinHappening or done in secret. ‘sub rosa inspections’  
206sui generis   UK: /ˌsuːi ˈdʒenərɪs/   US: /ˌsuːi ˈdʒenərɪs/   UK: /ˌsuːi ˈɡenərɪs/   US: /ˌsuːi ˈɡenərɪs/   UK: /ˌsuːaɪ ˈdʒenərɪs/   US: /ˌsuːaɪ ˈdʒenərɪs/   UK: /ˌsuːaɪ ˈɡenərɪs/   US: /ˌsuːaɪ ˈɡenərɪs/  Latin    Different from all other people or things; Unique.
207table d’hôte   UK: /ˌtɑːbl(ə) ˈdəʊt/ /tabl dot/FrenchA restaurant meal offered at a fixed price and with few if any choices
208UK: /ˌtaɪ ˌkwɒn ˈdəʊ/ Tae kwon do US:  /ˌtaɪ ˌkwɑːn ˈdoʊ/  Korean  A Korean system of fighting without weapons, similar to karate.
209tant mieux UK: /tɒ̃ ˈmjəː/ /tɑ̃ mjø/French  So much the better.  
210tant pis UK: /tɒ̃ ˈpiː/ /tɑ̃ pi/FrenchSo much the worse; the situation is regrettable but now beyond retrieval.    
211terra firma UK: /ˌterə ˈfɜːmə/   US:  /ˈfɜːrmə/  Latin  Safe dry land, as contrasted with water or air.
212terra incognita UK: /ˌter.ə ɪŋˈkɒɡ.nɪ.tə/   US: /ˌter.ə ɪnˈkɑːɡ.niː.t̬əLatinA place, subject, or situation that you are not familiar with:    
213tête-à-tête UK: /ˌteɪt ɑː ˈteɪt/   US:  /ˌteɪt ɑː ˈteɪtFrenchA private conversation between two people.    
214  the avant-garde UK: /ˌævɒ̃ ˈɡɑːd/   US:  /ˌævɑː̃ ˈɡɑːrd/French  1. New and very modern ideas in art, music or literature that are sometimes surprising or shocking.   2. A group of artists, etc. who introduce new and very modern ideas.    
215tour de force UK: /ˌtʊə də ˈfɔːs/   US: /ˌtʊr də ˈfɔːrs   Something that is done very skilfully and successfully, and is very impressive:    
216tout de suite UK: /ˌtuː də ˈswiːt/ /tu d(ə) sɥit/ Immediately, at once.  
217tsunami UK:   /tsuːˈnɑːmi/ (t)suˈnɑmi US:  /tsuːˈnɑːmi/JapaneseAn extremely large wave in the sea caused, for example, by an earthquake.  
218tycoon UK: /taɪˈkuːn/   US:  /taɪˈkuːn/JapaneseA person who is successful in business or industry and has become rich and powerful    
219unheimlich   UK: /ʊnˈhʌɪmlɪx/  GermanUncanny; weird.  
220vendetta UK:/venˈdetə/   US: /venˈdetə/Italian1. A long and violent disagreement between two families or groups, in which people are murdered in return for previous murders feud.    2. (against somebody) a long argument or disagreement in which one person or group does or says things to harm another  
221verboten   UK: /vəːˈbəʊt(ə)n/ /fɛɐˈboːtn/German  Forbidden, especially by an authority.  
222via media   UK: /viːə ˈmɛdɪə/ / viːə ˈmiːdɪə /   vēə ˈmēdēə/ /ˌviə ˈmidiə/ /ˈˌvīə ˈmēdēə/ /ˈˌvaɪə ˈmidiə/ /ˈˌvēə ˈmādēə/ /ˈˌviə ˈmeɪdiə/ /ˈˌvīə ˈmādēə/ /ˈˌvaɪə ˈmeɪdiə/Latin  A middle way or compromise between extremes.    
223victor ludorum UK: /luːˈdɔːrəm/LatinA boy or man who is the overall champion in a sports competition, especially at a school or college.
224vis-à-vis UK: /ˌviːz ɑː ˈviː/   US:  /ˌviːz ɑː ˈviː/French  1. in relation to   Example: Britain’s role vis-à-vis the United States.    2. in comparison with    
225vox populi   UK: /vɒks ˈpɒpjʊliː/ /vɒks ˈpɒpjʊlʌɪ/Latin  The opinions or beliefs of the majority.    
226waltz   UK: /wɔːls/   US:  /wɔːlts/German  A dance in which two people dance together to a regular rhythm: a piece of music for this dance.  
227wunderkin UK: /ˈwʊndəkɪnd/   US:  /ˈwʊndərkɪndGerman  A person who is very successful at a young age.  
228  Yin and yang UK: /bəˈbʊʃkə/   US:  /bəˈbʊʃkə/   UK: /ˈbæbʊʃkə/   US: /ˈbæbʊʃkə/  Chinese1 a Russian old woman or grandmother   2 a traditional Russian woman’s headscarves, tied under the chin
229zeitgeist UK: /ˈzaɪtɡaɪst/   US:  /ˈzaɪtɡaɪst/GermanThe general mood or quality of a particular period of history, as shown by the ideas, beliefs, etc. Common at the time.   The general spirit or feeling of a period in history, as shown by people’s ideas and beliefs at the time