Terrorism and globalization

Terrorism And Globalization: Benefiter-Profiter Mutual Bond of Arms Trade

  • Post author:
  • Post last modified:November 4, 2021

Terrorism and globalization have become a profit-mongering aspect of the modern world. They both profit from each other. As for terrorism, it can now show a stronger presence with even more devastating prospects to the opponent with the modernised weapons, while through the prospect of globalisation more weapons and new ways of killing are sent to the terrorist groups.

Now killing civilians for the terrorists, outlaws against law-abiding citizens, rivalry against rivals, and nations against nations have become unexpectedly easier. Rhett Butler in Gone with the Wind said, “There is nothing that money can’t buy”. True, some just need to have money to buy arms or weapons to kill anyone who is not compatible ideologically.

Weaponized humanity

Along with economic prosperity, followed the fear of life, fear of losing social supremacy. The growing fear and threat from the religious, political and economic majority give birth to the fear of the existence of life which in turn gives birth to a new demand to possess weaponry under the pretext of self-protection.

According to Pew Research, more than 42 per cent of adult Americans own a gun or grew up with a family that owns a gun for personal protection. According to Estimating Global Civilian Held Firearms Numbers by the Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade of Australia, at the end of 2017, there were approximately 1,013 million firearms in the 230 countries and autonomous territories of the world, 84.6 per cent of which were held by civilians, 13.1 per cent by state militaries, and 2.2 per cent by law enforcement agencies.

Ownership of firearm survey
Ownership of firearms. Survey: Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade, Australia.

National ownership rates vary from about 120.5 firearms for every 100 residents in the United States to less than 1 firearm for every 100 residents in countries like Indonesia, Japan, Malawi, and several Pacific Island states.

Nearly 700,000 civilians in Bangladesh own a firearm, of which about 200,000 firearms are unregistered. With financial security and racial supremacy comes individual insecurity. National spending on arms is growing, as well. The production of arms is growing with burgeoning demand, with that growing possession of arms, while possessing becoming easier. The world military expenditures stand at 1981 billion USD, with US 778 billion and China 252 billion USD in 2020.

According to Stockholm International Peace Research Institute (SIPRI), the total value of global arms trade is 118 billion USD, in 2019. USA, Russia, France, Germany, China, UK, Spain, Israel, South Korea, and Italy are the major arms exporter countries, with the highest share of export of the USA, 37 per cent global. Saudi Arabia, India, Egypt, Australia, China, Algeria, South Korea, Qatar, UAE and Pakistan are the major importer country with 54 per cent of the global share, while the Middle East received 33 per cent of the global total in 2016-2020.

arms exporter and importer countries
Arms exporter and importer countries. Photo SIPRI

As the availability and affordability of a firearm is growing, so is the number of deaths across the world. The world would not have to witness a Sandy Hook Elementary School shooting in 2012 had there been no easy access to the AR-15 rifle, the civilian semiautomatic version of an M16 rifle by the shooter Adam Lanza. Arms related casualties and conflicts of the sort are prevalent in the page of human history.

There were 120,000-armed conflict-related fatalities in 2020 in 39 states, let alone the death from terrorism-related casualties. From 1090 to 2016, 2,563,220.05 people died from conflicts and terrorism in Eritrea, Burundi, Ethiopia, Rwanda, the Democratic Republic of the Congo, Libya, Yemen, Afghanistan, Iraq, Syria and other countries, according to OurWorldInData.

Conflict and terrorism deaths
Conflict and terrorism deaths from 1990 to 2016. Photo OurWorldInData.

56 million people died in 2017, of which 2,644 people died in terrorism. terrorism is one of the primary causes of death globally. The GTD (Global terrorism data) contains over 170,000 terrorist incidents for the period of 50 years, from 1970 to 2019.

Terrorism and globalization

Can arms casualties and terrorism-related deaths be one of the contributing factors to human extinction? Arms industries are flourishing, the terrorist and rival groups are getting stronger, with a stronger presence among the weaker, innocuous many. Almost every conflict, struggle, rivalry involve modernised weapons that cause greater devastation.

Again, the terrorist group of Nigeria attacked a mosque and killed 18 worshipers in the mosque on 26 October 2021. Kabul has seen the deadliest terrorist attack on the Shiite minority community mosque on 15 October. Killing Muslims by Islamic sectarians or Islamic terrorists see no respite. Brothers killing brothers because of ideological diversities.

Religious and ideological supremacy is taking precedence over the weak and minorities. With easier access to modern weapons, terrorist groups now create even greater havoc. They continue their depredation with a renewed strategy every day.

But how can we expect terrorism to end, and human casualties to be lessened while the powerful countries play a dual role? They want us to demobilise and depoliticise religious ideology while they themselves remain profit mongers and earn a gigantic amount of revenue by selling arms. How would the terrorist thrive with ancient ideology but without sophisticated weaponry and modern armoury?

The growing threat of terrorism

One thing is clear that Muslims are being killed by Muslims with the weapons made in the non-Muslim nation, and making their treasury fatter out of the sectarian conflicts or religious war, waged on the Kafir. For the powerful players, war is always a profitable affair.

causes of deaths
Terrorism and globalization and the causes of death. Photo by OurWorldInData.

Fundamentalists want us to believe that the freedom of speech, democracy, universal adult suffrage, Jews, homosexuals, women’s right, pluralism, secularism, short skirt, sex and beardlessness is bad and should be stopped. The British philosopher Bertrand Russell once said, “The fundamental cause of the trouble is that in the modern world the stupid are cocksure while the intelligent are full of doubt.”

As long as there is someone or some country for the radicals to get protection, no war on terror, no effort of establishing democracy, no amount of discouragement, no amount of intelligence of the intelligent will suffice to stop them from killing innocent human beings, and from being cocksure of what they believe to be true, no matter how untrue it can be. Terrorism and globalization will always remain benefactors to eachother.

This Post Has One Comment

Leave a Reply